User Agent Class

The User Agent Class provides functions that help identify information about the browser, mobile device, or robot visiting your site. In addition you can get referrer information as well as language and supported character-set information.

Using the User Agent Class

Initializing the Class

Like most other classes in CodeIgniter, the User Agent class is initialized in your controller using the $this->load->library function:

$this->load->library('user_agent');

Once loaded, the object will be available using: $this->agent

User Agent Definitions

The user agent name definitions are located in a config file located at: application/config/user_agents.php. You may add items to the various user agent arrays if needed.

Example

When the User Agent class is initialized it will attempt to determine whether the user agent browsing your site is a web browser, a mobile device, or a robot. It will also gather the platform information if it is available.

$this->load->library('user_agent');

if ($this->agent->is_browser())
{
        $agent = $this->agent->browser().' '.$this->agent->version();
}
elseif ($this->agent->is_robot())
{
        $agent = $this->agent->robot();
}
elseif ($this->agent->is_mobile())
{
        $agent = $this->agent->mobile();
}
else
{
        $agent = 'Unidentified User Agent';
}

echo $agent;

echo $this->agent->platform(); // Platform info (Windows, Linux, Mac, etc.)

Class Reference

class CI_User_agent
is_browser([$key = NULL])
Parameters
  • $key (string) – Optional browser name

Returns

TRUE if the user agent is a (specified) browser, FALSE if not

Return type

bool

Returns TRUE/FALSE (boolean) if the user agent is a known web browser.

if ($this->agent->is_browser('Safari'))
{
        echo 'You are using Safari.';
}
elseif ($this->agent->is_browser())
{
        echo 'You are using a browser.';
}

Note

The string “Safari” in this example is an array key in the list of browser definitions. You can find this list in application/config/user_agents.php if you want to add new browsers or change the stings.

is_mobile([$key = NULL])
Parameters
  • $key (string) – Optional mobile device name

Returns

TRUE if the user agent is a (specified) mobile device, FALSE if not

Return type

bool

Returns TRUE/FALSE (boolean) if the user agent is a known mobile device.

if ($this->agent->is_mobile('iphone'))
{
        $this->load->view('iphone/home');
}
elseif ($this->agent->is_mobile())
{
        $this->load->view('mobile/home');
}
else
{
        $this->load->view('web/home');
}
is_robot([$key = NULL])
Parameters
  • $key (string) – Optional robot name

Returns

TRUE if the user agent is a (specified) robot, FALSE if not

Return type

bool

Returns TRUE/FALSE (boolean) if the user agent is a known robot.

Note

The user agent library only contains the most common robot definitions. It is not a complete list of bots. There are hundreds of them so searching for each one would not be very efficient. If you find that some bots that commonly visit your site are missing from the list you can add them to your application/config/user_agents.php file.

is_referral()
Returns

TRUE if the user agent is a referral, FALSE if not

Return type

bool

Returns TRUE/FALSE (boolean) if the user agent was referred from another site.

browser()
Returns

Detected browser or an empty string

Return type

string

Returns a string containing the name of the web browser viewing your site.

version()
Returns

Detected browser version or an empty string

Return type

string

Returns a string containing the version number of the web browser viewing your site.

mobile()
Returns

Detected mobile device brand or an empty string

Return type

string

Returns a string containing the name of the mobile device viewing your site.

robot()
Returns

Detected robot name or an empty string

Return type

string

Returns a string containing the name of the robot viewing your site.

platform()
Returns

Detected operating system or an empty string

Return type

string

Returns a string containing the platform viewing your site (Linux, Windows, OS X, etc.).

referrer()
Returns

Detected referrer or an empty string

Return type

string

The referrer, if the user agent was referred from another site. Typically you’ll test for this as follows:

if ($this->agent->is_referral())
{
        echo $this->agent->referrer();
}
agent_string()
Returns

Full user agent string or an empty string

Return type

string

Returns a string containing the full user agent string. Typically it will be something like this:

Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; U; Intel Mac OS X; en-US; rv:1.8.0.4) Gecko/20060613 Camino/1.0.2
accept_lang([$lang = 'en'])
Parameters
  • $lang (string) – Language key

Returns

TRUE if provided language is accepted, FALSE if not

Return type

bool

Lets you determine if the user agent accepts a particular language. Example:

if ($this->agent->accept_lang('en'))
{
        echo 'You accept English!';
}

Note

This method is not typically very reliable since some browsers do not provide language info, and even among those that do, it is not always accurate.

languages()
Returns

An array list of accepted languages

Return type

array

Returns an array of languages supported by the user agent.

accept_charset([$charset = 'utf-8'])
Parameters
  • $charset (string) – Character set

Returns

TRUE if the character set is accepted, FALSE if not

Return type

bool

Lets you determine if the user agent accepts a particular character set. Example:

if ($this->agent->accept_charset('utf-8'))
{
        echo 'You browser supports UTF-8!';
}

Note

This method is not typically very reliable since some browsers do not provide character-set info, and even among those that do, it is not always accurate.

charsets()
Returns

An array list of accepted character sets

Return type

array

Returns an array of character sets accepted by the user agent.

parse($string)
Parameters
  • $string (string) – A custom user-agent string

Return type

void

Parses a custom user-agent string, different from the one reported by the current visitor.